Current geopolitical challenges in the Middle East impact how researchers and policymakers can manage radicalisation among youth. New forms of extremism are likely to re-emerge despite the military defeat of Daesh, particularly that the political and socio-economic structures and ideologies that contributed to the phenomenon remain intact in the region. Recent developments in Europe also point to an increase in radical lone wolves compared to earlier threats of organised armed groups. These challenges raise important question into best approaches to manage radicalisation as a spiritual-ideological quest, and as a response to structural frustrations.
This session drew on multi-disciplinary research in Europe and the Middle East with insight from field research with fighters and returnees to addresses crucial questions like:
- How does the spiritual factor enhance or undermine CVE efforts? How the spiritual interacts with the structural in understanding radicalisation and necessary CVE efforts?
- How can policymakers and CVE stakeholders introduce behavioural and ideological transformations that can delegitimise extremist ideologies?
- What are the prospects and challenges for reintegrating returnees in local communities with the current legal and communal infrastructure?
- How can current knowledge and practices on CVE be revised and re-designed for efficient preventive CVE measures?
Dr Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck, El Erian Fellow, The Carnegie Middle East Center (CMEC), Beirut, moderated the panel discussion.
Dr Neven Bondokji
Senior Researcher & Team Leader on Countering Violent Extremism, West Asia North Africa Institute
Professor Mike Hardy CMG OBE FRSA
Chair, Intercultural Relations & Founding Director, Centre for Trust, Peace, & Social Relations, Coventry University